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When We Ruled *2nd Edition - 50 Greatest Africans - King Dom Affonso & Queen Ahhotep
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The 2nd Edition
An Introduction by
Robin Walker

Study Guide

africa5.jpg50 Greatest Africans - King Dom Affonso & Queen Ahhotep


5. King Dom Affonso I of Kongo (ruled 1506-1545 AD)
Greatest King of Kongo

Angola City of Mbanza KongoKing Dom Affonso I became King of Kongo in 1506 AD. Like many Africans who became Christians, he was baptised with a Portuguese name. When he succeeded to the throne, he was, however, met with vigorous opposition from his non-Christian brother Mpanzu a Kitima. Prince Mpanzu occupied the capital city, Mbanza Kongo, with the support of the Lord of Kabunga, the traditional priest, and forces of nearly 200,000 men. They viewed the Christian influence as a threat to their power. Affonso, however, triumphed over Mpanzu in battle in spite of the fact that he had inferior numbers of perhaps 10,000 soldiers and 100 Christians, both Kongolese and Portuguese. Affonso attributed his victory to a religious miracle and thus strengthened his desire to spread Christianity in the land. After the battle, Affonso executed his brother but converted the Mani Kabunga. He gave the latter the position of Keeper of the Holy Water. Years later, he built the Church of the Holy Cross to commemorate the miracle.

Affonso I wrote to King Manuel of Portugal requesting that he send priests and technicians to spread Christianity further. Within three years, schools were established in which students were instructed in Portuguese and Christianity. Furthermore, Affonso increased the flow of Kongo students to Portugal and he himself studied Portuguese laws. The Portuguese sent him a collection of these in five great volumes. His aim seems to have been the creation of a Renaissance style Christian state as then existed in Europe. His achievements went beyond this, however. Dr Ehret, an important authority, reports that: "A local body of scribes was trained, able eventually to communicate in written Latin, Portuguese, and Kikongo". By 1516, one source reports that the capital had one thousand students studying grammar, humanities and things of the faith. There were also schools for girls directed by the sister of the king. Finally, Affonso built churches. As well as the Church of the Holy Cross built in 1517, he built the Church of Our Lady of the Victories in 1526. By the close of the century, the capital had six churches.
All of this information is extracted from When We Ruled. To find out more about this book CLICK HERE




6. Queen Ahhotep of Ancient Egypt (flourished c.1713 BC)
Saviour of Ancient Egypt in the wars of liberation to expel foreign rule

Ancient Egypt, even when it was a Negro civilisation, came under foreign rule for hundreds of years. In one of these periods the Hyksos, a Semitic people, ruled over the land. During the reign of the last Hyksos ruler, King Ipepi (1770-1709 BC), the Egyptians rebelled, led by indigenous monarchs of the Seventeenth Dynasty. Queen Ahhotep was renowned for saving Egypt during these wars of liberation against the Hyksos occupation. She rallied the Egyptian troops and crushed a rebellion in Upper (i.e. southern) Egypt. For her part in the liberation struggle, she received Egypt's highest military decoration at least three times - the Order of the Fly.
All of this information is extracted from When We Ruled. To find out more about this book CLICK HERE



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Creation date : 17/04/2006 @ 20:39
Last update : 28/07/2014 @ 17:44
Category : 50 Greatest Africans


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African Rulers
50 Greatest Africans

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