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When We Ruled *2nd Edition - 50 Greatest Africans - Queen Judith & Sarki Muhammad Kanta
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The 2nd Edition
An Introduction by
Robin Walker

Study Guide

africa5.jpg50 Greatest Africans - Queen Judith & Sarki Muhammad Kanta


29. Queen Judith of Ethiopia (ruled c. 940-c.980 AD)
Falasha conqueror of Ethiopia and destroyer of Christianity

In 940 AD, though some authorities give slightly earlier dates, Judith, a Falasha conqueror, seized the throne of the Ethiopian city of Axum and proclaimed herself Queen. Inspiring dread in many Christian minds, she destroyed the churches, killing thousands in the process. Her campaigns ended both the thousand-year supremacy of Axum and also an era in Ethiopian history. An old history book, History of the Patriarchs of Alexandria, mentions that the King of Axum begged the Patriarch of Alexandria for help against this onslaught - but none came. Judith ruled unchallenged for around 40 years. Succeeding her was the Zagwe Dynasty, who ushered in a golden age.
All of this information is extracted from When We Ruled. To find out more about this book CLICK HERE




30. Sarki Muhammad Kanta of Kebbi (early sixteenth century AD)
Founder of the Hausa city-state of Kebbi and builder of a planned city

Muhammad Kanta founded the city state of Kebbi in the early sixteenth century. The son of a Katsina princess, he had an extraordinary career. A brilliant soldier, his army was the only one to withstand the hegemony of Songhai. Some accounts, accepted by historians such as Trimingham, and Stride and Ifeka, claim he overthrew Songhai imperial power in Hausaland and imposed tribute on these captured territories himself. Less controversially, he founded imposing cities, the ruins of which are still in existence. Surame, the capital of Kebbi, proved almost impregnable. Surrounded by a moat, it had seven concentric stone and clay walls. Philip Koslow, a modern historian, suggests that the wall construction involved a work force of 10,000 people. Gungu, another of Kanta's constructions, was a garrison town. Finally, Leka was the holiday residence for the royal family.

Surame, the great city founded by Kanta, even in ruin, was an impressive sight, built on a horizontal vertical grid. Mr E. J. Arnett, a modern scholar, describes it thus: "The walls of Surame are about 10 miles in circumference and include many large bastions or walled suburbs running out at right angles to the main wall. The large compound at Kanta is still visible in the centre, with ruins of many buildings, one of which is said to have been two-storied. The striking feature of the walls and whole ruins is the extensive use of stone and tsokuwa (laterite gravel) or very hard red building mud, evidently brought from a distance. There is a big mound of this near the north gate about 8 feet in height. The walls show regular courses of masonry to a height of 20 feet and more in several places. The best preserved portion is that known as sirati (the bridge) a little north of the eastern gate … The main city walls here appear to have provided a very strongly guarded entrance about 30 feet wide, approached from left and right by a passage deepening to the point of entrance and sloping up from there into the town. The entrance, however, is filled in with a solid masonry wall in remarkable preservation. It stands from 25 to 30 feet high … From its name, sirati, or bridge … [it is probable that] the entrance gateway of the town was surmounted by an archway, or bridge … Surame is said to have been abandoned by the successors of Kanta about 1715 A.D."
All of this information is extracted from When We Ruled. To find out more about this book CLICK HERE



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Category : 50 Greatest Africans


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African Rulers
50 Greatest Africans

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